Free Economy Institute
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Consolidation of the Presidential and Government Executive Branches

The main goals of introducing changes to the political system of Ukraine are: increasing the efficiency of interaction and interdependence of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government; the exclusion of possible stalemate situations in the interaction of various branches of government; exclusion of the possibility of usurpation of power by one of the branches of power.

The political system of Ukraine in general terms will look as follows:

  • Ukraine is a parliamentary republic.  
  • State power in Ukraine is exercised by the principle of its division into legislative, executive and judicial.
  • The only legislative body in Ukraine is the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
  • The highest executive body is the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, headed by the Prime Minister of Ukraine. Prime Minister of Ukraine is the head of state.
  • The highest judicial authority is the Supreme Court of Ukraine.

111 deputies of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine are elected for 2 years by direct secret ballot by citizens of Ukraine who do not receive budgetary funds in the form of salaries, pensions and other assistance.

The Prime Minister (Chairman of the State) of Ukraine is appointed by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.

The powers of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine include, inter alia:

  • hearing of programs of candidates for the post of Prime Minister of Ukraine;
  • appointment of the Head of State - Prime Minister of Ukraine (by a simple majority of deputies of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine);
  • hearing annual reports of the Cabinet of Ministers;
  • recall of the Prime Minister of Ukraine after hearing the annual report of the Cabinet of Ministers (by a simple majority of deputies of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine);
  • recall of the Prime Minister of Ukraine at any time (by the constitutional majority of deputies of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine);
  • adoption of the state budget of Ukraine.

The powers of the Prime Minister of Ukraine include, inter alia:

  • determination of the structure, quantity and personnel of the Cabinet of Ministers (within the budget adopted by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine);
  • sole appointment and removal of ministers;
  • dissolution of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and the appointment of elections of a new composition of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (through an appeal to the Supreme Court of Ukraine in cases specified by the Constitution of Ukraine).

The powers of the Supreme Court of Ukraine include, inter alia:

  • making decisions on the appeal of the Prime Minister of Ukraine or any other citizen of Ukraine on the dissolution of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and the election of a new composition of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (in cases provided for by the Constitution).